# Percents & Fractions

## Gobble! Gobble!

In 2018 the United States is expected to produce 240 million turkeys. That is a decrease of 1% compared to the number of turkeys produced in 2017. How many turkeys were produced in the U.S. during 2017? Express your answer to the nearest million.

## Veterans Day

In celebration of Veterans Day, here are a few problems based on data obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.

In the United States in 2017, there were an estimated 251,047,650 adult civilians (persons 18 years of age and older not currently enlisted in the U.S. military). If 18,204,605 of those individuals were veterans, what percentage of the adult civilian population of the United States did veterans account for in 2017? Express your answer to the nearest hundredth.

## Voter Turnout

In the town of Newtonville, 60% of the registered voters turned out to cast their votes in the most recent election. If 2814 residents of Newtonville voted in this election, how many registered voters were there in Newtonville?

*We are told that 2814 represents 60% of the registered voters in Newtonville. Thus, there are 2814 ÷ 0.60 = *** 4690 **registered voters in Newtonville.

## Happy Halloween

Mrs. Miller bought a half bushel of apples, 16 of which were set aside to be used for apple bobbing at the harvest festival. That left only two-thirds of the apples Mrs. Miller bought. She then used three-fourths of the remaining apples to make four apple pies. If Mrs. Miller was left with just enough apples to make two caramel apples for each of her children, how many children does Mrs. Miller have?

## Worth the Weight

Margo has some coins consisting of only pennies and nickels. These coins have a combined weight of 1500 g that is evenly distributed between the two types of coins. If each penny weighs 2.5 g and each nickel weighs 5 g, what is the total value of Margo’s coins?

## Columbus Day

Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas accidentally. He was actually trying to find a faster trade route to Asia from Spain. Instead of sailing around the tip of Africa, Columbus believed he could sail west across the Atlantic Ocean to reach Asia. In planning his expedition, Columbus calculated the journey would be around 2300 miles, based on his estimation of the earth’s size. Nautical experts of the time disagreed with his calculations, estimating the distance would be closer to 12,200 miles.

## Gourmet Candies

Sugar Shack gourmet candy shop’s signature candy mixture contains Sour Drops, Chocolate Chews and Tangy Twists in the ratio 2:3:4, respectively. How many more pounds of Tangy Twists than Sour Drops are in a 45-pound batch of this signature candy mixture?

## Asteroid Blaster

In the video arcade game Asteroid Blaster there are a total of five rounds on the first level. During each round, asteroids appear on the screen and players must blast as many as possible before time expires. To advance to the next round, a player must destroy all the asteroids in the current round. This becomes more difficult to accomplish because the number of asteroids increases with each round. Rounds 1, 2 and 3 each have 1, 8 and 27 asteroids, respectively. If this pattern continues, how many asteroids will there be to destroy in Round 4?

## Math Club Meetings

Ms. Cross leads The National Math Club at the middle school where she teaches. At the first club meeting of the school year, 60% of the students in attendance were boys. If there was one fewer girl than boy in attendance, how many students attended the first club meeting?

## New School Clothes

Nona went shopping to buy some new school clothes. At the first store she bought two pairs of pants, each originally priced $30. Nona used a coupon that reduced the price of each item by 15%, and then a 5% sales tax was applied to the new subtotal. What was the total purchase price?